My notes on Modern Architecture – Alan Colquhoun.
*CHAPTER 1* : ART NOUVEAU 1890-1910
  • janus
  • william morris: founder of arts and crafts movement
  • iron became associated with the reform of the decorative arts
  • auguste comte: founder of Positivisim
  • symbolists held that art should not imitate appearances but should reveal an essential underlying reality
  • van de velde: for art nouveau , integration of ornament and structure, ornament began to merge with the object
  • art nouveau interior: absorption of individual objects into a dominant plastic unity unlike morris, van de velde recognized the necessity of machine production
  • dynamic integration of ornament with structure
  • Belgian art nouveau characterised by a simplicity and sobriety similar to arts and crafts movement & idealized vernacular building and advocated a simple rural lifestyle
  • viollet le duc : constructional rationalism
  • dutch art nouveau & Berlage: basic volumes are articulated and structural materials exposed and Art Nouveau ornaments used to emphasize structural junctions
  • sagrada familia : catenary vault & iron beams
  • gaudi : start from mechanical conditions of building & imagination of architecture
  • otto wagner: modern city consist of regular, openended strret rigid containing new building types such as apartment blocks & department stores
  • functional glass & metal banking ghall symbols and manifestos of modernity
  • Jugendstil = German Art Nouveau
  • Wiener Secession = Vienna Secession
  • Olbrich & Hoffmann: rectilinear organization of planar surfaces and geometrical ornament reverted compare to Van de Velde
  • we witness the Art Nouveau movement, with its stress on individuality and originality, being transformer into repeatable forms based on vernacular and classical models
  • art without codes, empathy with nature.
  • Morris, Viollet-le-Duc, Rousseau, van de Velde, Horta, Weissenburger, HP Berlage, Gaudi, Otto Wagner, Olbrich & Hoffmann, Charles Renne Mackintosh, Riemerschmid
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