The Stones of Gupta Dynasty
The principal temples and monasteries was located in areas remote from major cities an the well-preserved examples were the ones carved in the cliffs. The caves at Bhaja were the convienient example of the crossover of the traditions of wooden architecture into the stone hall of the earliest Indian rock-cut temples. The columns were the product of substration from the cliffs . Chaitya halls were te largest and the most ornate of the early rock-cut around 120 CE Karli. With wooden details stones were combined with celestory windows. The carving techniques used in Karli were used for the production of freestanfding temples for the latter centuries. The built of Temple 17 in 400 a temple with a colonnaded porch seemed like the extraction from the cliff wich would then transported to the site.
Post-Gupta Dravidian Temples
Tha Chalukya dynasty provided their capital Aihole with over seventy temples with a wide range of styles can be seen with the evolution of rock-cut temples to constructed ones. The Panava ratha at Mahabalipuram contained a series of cart-like monuments each carved from a single stone seemed as if they were the imitation of the structures of wooden precedents. The Kailasanatha temple was the demonstration of the evolution of cave to freestanding masonry architecture.