The  Unification of China behind the Great Wall

The materials used for the building in ancient Chinese were mud and wood which would not maintain for a long time unlike the buildings seen in ancient Rome. Therefore permanence was not a concern for the Chinese since each succesive dynasties would reconstruct them repeatedly. However, the only durable construction was an amalgam of several walls known as The Great Wall. Yet, most of its part have been repeaired and rebuilt throught the centuries.


The Chinese cities were adapted on a set of general rules. This model known as the wangcheng model consisted of  a quadrangle, with three gates on each side and in the center the palace occupied a great territory. Like other cultures , an othogonal plan with linked squares was present along with a cardinal axis emphasizing the religious significance. The officail buildings were designed with a modular system consisting of eight different ranks of buildings altered with scale and number.

Enclosed Urban Types & Growth by Addition

Architecture was used in order to control the society. There were no traces of public spaces like the Romans even though the streets were considerably wide the avenues led to the emperor’s territory rather than a space for the public life. Another thing is that, the great palaces were elevated rather than a lateral expansion in order to give a certain distinctive property. Axiality and rectilinearity were concepts that they took into consideration.


Siheyuan, Chinese courtyard houses were enclosed through the front gate in order to give an indirect access because of Feng shui. The siheyuans resembled greatly with the domus in terms of the settlement of the courts however parted in concept since domus was a whole substracted with voids where the siheyuan was an addition of units around a void. Also,  a “graduated privacy” was visible in the siheyuans.