Most of the data we obtain from history of ancient architecture comes from unyielding adventurers who interpret archaeological remnants in a resourceful way. When we talk about  Jerusalem, the city which was conquered, destroyed and reconstructed in the course of a 3,000 year history, we are aware that this city is more than temples or artifacts because it has the character of representing an idea since it plays a key role for particular religions. Jerusalem counts as a sacred destiny. However we will talk about its architectural features any way.


Like Hattusha, it was inhabited on a rocky site in the hills which was defensible to the enemies. Also the climate was suitable for dwelling due to its high altitude. However, it was not in directly connected with a river yet water sources were quite enough.

The city was attacked by the Philistines around 1000 BCE however Jews, under the leadership of David, defended the city with enhanced military forces and anounced Jerusalem as David’s city. David’s city  was clutched to the top of a walled, oval-shaped hill, with steep fortifications built by the Jesubites.


Another thing is that, Early Jerusalem shoed resemblance to the scale of Mycanae. Related to the Mycenae citadels, the high class lived within walls where the the rest dwelled in peripheral villages. A tunnel was dug under the walls to an outside source of water just as in Hittite and Mycenaen fortresse.